The Manual - How to spear a fish

1 Use the right spear. The most effective type of spear is the trident - its multiple prongs will compensate for poor aim and increase your success rate.

2 To make the spear, find a long pole or branch and split the end with a knife. Force the points apart using a stone or smaller piece of wood as a wedge. This will make the points open out similar to the frame of an umbrella. Lash the wedge in place so that it doesn't fall out and sharpen the prongs.

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3 Scatter bait over the surface of the water that you intend to fish and wait for the fish to appear.

4 When you spot a target take aim and stab down at the fish. Because of the optical refraction of the water, fish will often appear further away than they are. You should aim slightly below the fish.

5 Stab down in a single sharp motion until you feel contact and follow through so that you penetrate the fish.

6 Take the fish home, clean, eat or varnish and mount on a board of mahogany to impress visitors.

Words by Jordan Waller with survival expert James Mandeville. For more, see www.survival-expert.com